The following are instructions for installing Bodhi Linux on to your computer from a working Linux system via a USB stick (also known as a thumb-drive). This is the recommended method. Installation using another operating system or via CD/DVD is also possible, but not covered here.
Bodhi Linux utilizes a Live Environment which you lets you “try before you buy” - that is, you can use Bodhi Linux without actually installing it. Note that any changes made in the Live Environment will not be saved across a reboot. Follow the instructions through the first 2 sections to enter the Live Environment
2) Save the file to the same location that you saved the Bodhi Linux .iso file.
3) Open a terminal emulator (xterm for example)
4) Switch to the directory where you downloaded the files (/storage/ISOs in this example - adjust the location to where you downloaded to):
5) View the md5 sum to verify against:
6) Generate the md5sum for the downloaded .iso file:
7) The generated number from step 6 must exactly match the number to verify against from step 5. If the numbers do not match exactly the .iso file became corrupted in the download process and you will have to download again. If they do match, please continue …
(7.5) An alternate method of verifying integrity is: after step 4, write:
If you do not have Unetbootin installed already, please refer to the documentation for your distribution's package manager, or visit Unetbootin's home page and follow the instructions there.
Alternatively to Unetbootin, you might consider using a single command in a terminal to create a bootable USB.
sudo dd if=/path/to/iso.iso of=/dev/sdx oflag=direct bs=1048576
Where sdx is the location of the USB drive.
2) Insert your USB stick.
3) OpenUnetbootin - method will vary depending on distribution, or open a terminal and type
4) Type your password when prompted, then clickOK
5) Click the bottom radio button next to Diskimage
6) ISO should already the default selection in the adjacent drop-down menu. If not, select ISO from the list.
7) Click the button marked with ellipses (…)
8) Navigate to the location where you download the Bodhi Linux .iso
9) Select bodhi_1.4.0.iso and clickOK
10) The Type: selection drop-down menu should default to USB Drive. If not, select USB Drive from the list.
11) Select the drive location of your USB stick in the Drive: drop-down menu. Location will vary among systems.
12) Your screen should look similar to the following (values will vary depending on download location and USB stick notation)
13) Click OK. After a few minutes your bootable USB stick will be created.
Most systems are not set up to boot from a USB stick automatically. Since the method for doing so varies from machine to machine, you may have to experiment and/or consult the documentation for your system's BIOS. Here are some pointers:
- Many systems will allow you to enter a “one time boot menu” by pressing F2 or F12 during initial system start-up. This will give you several options (CD/DVD, USB, Network, Hard Drive, etc) from which to boot.
- Look for a message during initial system start-up that tells you which button to press to enter the BIOS. Often this is the Delete key. From within the BIOS you are able to alter the Boot Sequence and choose USB as the first device.
1) Initialize Installer: Locate and click the Install Bodhi Linux icon. Depending on the Profile/Theme combination it could be in one of several locations. In the screenshot below it is in the bottom center of the screen.
If you chose either the “Bare” or “Tablet/Notebook” Profile you will not have an Install Bodhi Linux icon on your desktop. To access the installer, open the Run Everything application by pressing Alt + Esc. Type the word “install”. When you see the Install Bodhi Linux icon highlighted in the Run Everything window, pressEnter.
2) Select Language: Select the language you wish to use, then clickForward.
This selects the language for the Installer only, NOT the language for the installed system. Language packs can be added from the Bodhi Linux AppCenter after installation.
3) System Requirements: This screen is simply a reminder of minimum requirements. You may safely clickForward here. Connecting to the Internet is not necessary and ticking the box for Download updates while installing is not recommended.
4) Unmount Partitions: Here the installer will list any drives that were detected during the Live session. In order to install Bodhi Linux you will need to unmount the drive you would like to install to, so clickYes here.
5) Installation Type: If you are installing Bodhi onto a system where it will be the only OS, select the Erase disk and install Bodhi option, then skip forward to step # 7 below.
If you will be installing Bodhi Linux and wish to preserve the existing OS('s), selectSomething else
5a) Multiple OS: In the following examples we will be showing examples of a system that has Windows 7 already installed.
This screen gives three options:
5a-1) Install Bodhi alongside Windows 7
This option will allow you to click and grab the middle slider to adjust the amount of disk space for each OS.
5a-2) Replace Windows 7 with Bodhi
This option will erase all data and OS's currently on the indicated hard drive.
5a-3) Something Else
This option will allow you to add/change/delete partitions as you like. Disk partitioning is beyond the scope of this document; users who are interested can find a good guide on the Ubuntu Wiki.
6) Write previous changes to disk and continue?: No matter which option you selected in step # 5 you will come to a confirmation screen like the one below. Go Back if you are unsure of your changes; otherwise clickContinue
7) Time Zone: Select your time zone by either typing the name of a nearby city or clicking on your location on the map.
Notice the progress bar at the bottom of the screen: Bodhi Linux has already begun installing while you are still choosing options!
8) Keyboard Layout: Select your general keyboard style from the list on the left, then select the specific layout from the list on the right. There is also a text entry field where you can test your selections. When satisfied, clickForward.
9) User Account: Enter a name you would like for the primary user (non-root) account. Enter the password you would like associated for this account twice (for confirmation). Enter a name you would like for your computer.
There is also a radio button choice between Log in automatically and Require my password to log in - the choice is yours.
This is the last screen before installation completes. If you are unsure of any settings you selected you may use the Back button to double-check/change them. When satisfied, clickForward.
10) Finalization: This last step requires no user intervention. A slide show of general Bodhi Linux info is presented. Sit back and relax - in just a few minutes you'll have a shiny new Bodhi Linux system!
1) The first screen you will see is the GRUB boot screen. Bodhi Linux will be highlighted by default, and if no action is taken Bodhi Linux will boot automatically. If there are any other operating systems installed they can be selected by pressing the keyboard arrow keys then pressingEnter.
2) If you have chosen Require password to login in step III:A:7 above, you will be prompted for your user name next. Type your username in the text entry field, then pressEnter.
3) Type your password in the text entry field (it will appear on screen as a series of asterisks) then pressEnter
4) As in the Live Environment steps II:C:2 and 3 above, you will be asked to select a Profile/Theme once again. As you can see in the screenshot below, they can be entirely different from those selected for the Live Environment. You will not be prompted for this again on subsequent boots.
1) Update the System:
Some packages may have been updated to newer versions since the Bodhi Linux installation image was created. To make your system current open Terminology by clicking anywhere on the desktop which will open the Main Menu then navigate through Applications → Accessories → Terminology. Then type the following command:
sudo apt-get update
You will be prompted for your password which will not appear on the screen. Follow it by pressingEnter
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
2) Get Familiar with Bodhi Linux:
The first time you launch Midori (the default Web browser), you will be taken to The Bodhi Linux Quickstart Guide which will help you get connected to the Internet among many other basic tasks. (This is a local file, but is also available online at the Bodhi Linux website)
Included in the Quick Start is a link to The Bodhi Guide to Enlightenment, a comprehensive guide to using the Enlightenment window manager in Bodhi Linux (this is also a local file and also available online)
3) Install Your Favorite Applications:
Visit the Bodhi Linux AppCenter for an extremely easy way to install your favorite applications.